Bunions & Bunionectomy
A Bunion is a protrusion or bump on the inside of your foot where the bones near the base of the big toe move out of place. This is normally due to pressure on this joint. The pressure can be from footwear, swelling from arthritis or from pre-existing foot deformities
There are several methods for treating bunions depending on how large and / or how painful the bunion is. Some focus on symptom relief, where others aim to provide a more definitive treatment.
Some of the treatment options are:
- Injection: An injection of a steroid into the area to help reduce swelling and pain. This will not get rid of the bunion but can be a temporary measure for severe pain or to allow other treatments.
- Footwear: Changing to more comfortable footwear to give space for your toes to sit comfortably.
- Padding: Over the counter toe cushions / Bunion pads can help relieve pain.
- Shoe inserts / Orthotics: Some available over the counter but many others are only available via prescription from a foot specialist surgeon.
- Bunionectomy: This is a surgical procedure to definitively treat a Bunion. There are a number of versions of this and the exact method used depends on the type and severity of the bunion. If you are for a surgical correction, your consultant will discuss the best option for you prior to booking you in for surgery.
Very occasionally you can get a Bunion or “Bunionette” on the small toe which has similar causes & treatments.
After Your Surgery:
If you have surgery, you will have dressings on your foot after the surgery and your consultant will normally leave these in situ until you are reviewed in clinic after you are discharged. Your consultant will explain this further either in clinic prior to, or on the ward after your surgery.
You should be able to put weight on your foot after your surgery. You will be shown how to use a frame +/- crutches while in hospital after your surgery but it is recommended that you plan for not being as mobile as you were prior to the surgery for the first few weeks during your recovery.
Please speak to your consultant regarding any specific questions or queries you have about this surgery and the rehabilitation afterwards.