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About the procedure

The procedure is performed by inserting a catheter into a blood vessel in the patient's groin and advancing it into the specific artery supplying the liver. Contrast, or a special type of dye, is injected and this visualises the tumour and blood vessels on an X-ray to determine the blood supply to the tumour.

The Interventional Radiologist then injects cancer-drug eluting embolic particles through a catheter selectively placed into the artery feeding the tumour. This mixture keeps a high concentration of medication in contact with the tumour for a period of time longer than that associated with traditional systemic chemotherapy.

After the treatment is administered, the catheter is withdrawn and the patient can usually return home after an overnight stay in the hospital. Chemoembolization offers several advantages over traditional systemic chemotherapy

The benefits:
  • Image-guided procedures have fewer risks for our patients and allow them to recover more quickly compared with surgery. In fact, the majority of patients who have an IR procedure are able to return home the same day. 
  • IR procedures don’t require incisions and often can be done with conscious sedation. These include ablation (burning or freezing a tumor), embolization (cutting off a tumor’s blood supply or targeting it with chemotherapy or radioactivity),